T11his capacity to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, give guidelines to share, interact ideas across the void of room as well as time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and yards. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a large duty in why composing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the very first real cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these massive, huge temple facilities they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this nice little drawing of grain has actually been simplified. Much more abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and also simpler methods to videotape products, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item gave the temple, yet instead they pertained to an equally agreed collection of more symbolic depictions for goods streaming right into sanctuaries. As well as you can see just how someone might happen, that these icons need not only represent the principle of something, yet also words itself.
Which’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to believe of images as noises as well as integrating audios together allows you to create different words.
And when you integrate that with that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on easy words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also audios, which represent thousands of images. We’re not done. Since just how the scribes created has actually changed the way we compose in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind just how our close friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a real composing system.
Initial images, yet likewise pictograms transformed from them they entirely vanished right into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus then liked. Which suggests rather of a handful of nouns to be contacted supply lists right here we have a composing system that can provide us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a place refute and also all your documents are on clay, instead of being damaged, they remain and harden.
However it won’t occur below for some time. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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