T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to reveal, connect concepts throughout the abyss of room as well as time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets as well as gardens. Yet what do you see looming over it all? Forehead. These temples play a large role in why writing started. Because Sumer was the nation of the very first actual cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing containers complete of grain here? These holy places also worked as significant stockrooms. Repository for the immense riches of the city. In great times, presents streamed in.
As well as in challenging times, they were separated back. This system produced a massive wide range for the clergyman, yet he likewise ensured that cities of this size could work. Yet we uncommitted now. Look beside the guys who carry the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also easier ways to videotape commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, however instead they came to a mutually concurred collection of even more symbolic depictions for items flowing right into divine places. And also you can see exactly how a person can occur, that these symbols require not only represent the principle of something, yet likewise the word itself.
Which’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the temple speaking with each various other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are essential because when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a symbol as a word, however as a noise for that word. Quit reasoning of an icon suggesting a word and begin to think of the basic definition of its audio, which can indicate extra details things. As soon as you do this, you will certainly not draw pictures for every word in the language.
Currently you start to consider pictures as audios as well as combining sounds together enables you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, however other literate people, who needed to review it gained from top to base, so they really did not like this laterally composing. So what did the scribes do? They simply revolved all the personalities 90 levels to ensure that one can transform the table as well as review it inside out as usual.
Quickly individuals review characters created sideways from left to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Also extra various from the things and pictures they utilized to stand for. This creating system was then embraced by the bordering Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalized it also more. Factors or small characters have also been contributed to figure out which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And now you have an actual writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
But it will not occur here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
#iPad #calligraphy #tutorial #procreate #goodnotes #notability
Welcome to an introduction to calligraphy on your iPad, using Procreate, Goodnotes & Notability! 🌼In this video, I’ll be teaching you the basics to getting started with hand lettering on your iPad with lots of tips and tricks along! Thanks for watching!
free practice sheet: http://bit.ly/3audJe3
etsy shop practice sheets: https://www.etsy.com/ca/shop/EmilyStudying?section_id=28893088
Also, thank you everybody for 50k!! That’s so awesome and cool 😎
0:43 items i use ⤵︎
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→ apple pencil 2nd gen: https://amzn.to/2OIbYBj
→ apple pencil grip: https://amzn.to/3bjzPyS
→ Paperlike: https://paperlike.com/emily
2:19 procreate tips
2:49 basics of calligraphy
5:27 goodnotes tips
→ check out @megansstudies: https://www.youtube.com/c/MegansStudies
7:27 use a font
→ my calligraphy font: https://www.etsy.com/ca/listing/950373464
🛍️ Etsy Shop: https://www.etsy.com/ca/shop/EmilyStudying
→ handwriting worksheets, notetaking templates, plenty more!
💻 Free SkillShare Notetaking Class: https://skl.sh/3bly4AV
→ learn about notetaking, handwriting + FREE PDF access to all my notes
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Thanks for watching today!
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