T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer directions to reveal, interact suggestions throughout the void of area and also time has actually made it possible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the universe, mutual understanding and self-understanding.
But to recognize just how composing started, we should most likely to ancient Sumer, where composing very first started to be made use of thoroughly. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These temples play a large role in why writing began. Since Sumer was the country of the initial actual cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs packed with grain below? These temples likewise acted as big stockrooms. Repository for the tremendous wide range of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
As well as in challenging times, they were divided back. This system developed a substantial wide range for the clergyman, but he also guaranteed that cities of this size can work. However we uncommitted currently. Look following to the guys who carry the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of products, transferring to as well as from the temple each day, they required to keep records somehow. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will be saved later on, so that the clergymans may know specifically what they have at hand in their gigantic temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also below comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the temple talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider photos as noises and also integrating audios together enables you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him compose. See how he creates inside out, equally as you would write a list. That will alter soon, since the issue with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you accidentally relax your hand while writing from leading to base, you can quickly remove the entire column you simply typed.
Yet this danger is reduced if you begin composing from left to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, however various other literate people, that had to review it found out from top to bottom, so they really did not like this sideways creating. So what did the scribes do? They just turned all the characters 90 levels to make sure that one might transform the table and read it from top to base as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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