T11his capability to hand down ideas to us across generations, offer directions to express, connect concepts throughout the abyss of room and also time has made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the universe, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the roads as well as yards. However what do you see overlooking it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge function in why creating began. Because Sumer was the nation of the initial real cities worldwide.
Not thousands of individuals or countless individuals, but together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities developed city-states, united by the prayer of a specific group of gods. Individuals managed watering as well as cities grew. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
As well as in tough times, they were divided back. This system created a huge wealth for the clergyman, yet he likewise guaranteed that cities of this size might work. Yet we do not care currently. Look next to the males that bring the grain. Do you see a guy enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s precisely what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also here comes a satisfied etymological coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place speaking to each various other?
If you could hear them, it would appear like every person was claiming the exact same thing over and also over again. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and where the terms are made up of word composition. Both of these points are essential since when much of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to consider a sign as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a symbol suggesting a word and also begin to believe concerning the basic meaning of its audio, which can show more particular points. When you do this, you will certainly not attract pictures for each word in the language.
Currently you begin to think about images as noises as well as incorporating audios with each other permits you to develop various words.
And also when you integrate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of photos. Yet we’re refrained from doing yet. Since exactly how the scribes wrote has changed the means we write in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our close friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. However due to the fact that they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Also much more various from the things and pictures they used to stand for. This creating system was after that adopted by the neighboring Akkad and also Elamites, who generalized it even much more. Variables or small personalities have additionally been contributed to identify which component of the speech was which, to prevent uncertainty.
And currently you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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Hello my friends =)
Today I want to show you how to write in calligraphy for beginners. It´s an easy way. Write with me the alphabet in calligraphy.
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