T11his capability to hand down concepts to us across generations, offer guidelines to express, connect ideas throughout the abyss of space and also time has made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding and also self-understanding.
Yet to comprehend how composing began, we have to most likely to old Sumer, where writing first began to be used thoroughly. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in hard times, they were divided back. This system developed a massive wide range for the priest, yet he likewise ensured that cities of this size can work. Yet we do not care currently. Look following to the males that bring the grain. Do you see a male seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. As well as here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to think about images as noises as well as integrating sounds with each other allows you to develop different words.
And when you integrate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon basic words, for example, a sickle plus grain could indicate a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for countless images. But we’re not done yet. Due to the fact that exactly how the scribes composed has actually changed the method we create in Western nations today. Do you bear in mind just how our pal in the holy place includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
Yet this risk is reduced if you start creating from entrusted to right. Yet adequate people in the holy place didn’t such as the development. It was much easier for scribes, yet other literate individuals, who needed to review it gained from top to bottom, so they really did not like this sidewards writing. What did the scribes do? They just rotated all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one can transform the table as well as read it inside out as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a genuine creating system.
Initial photos, yet also pictograms transformed from them they entirely went away right into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus pen after that favored. Which implies rather of a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings below we have a composing system that can provide us abstract and also lyrical points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we know all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When a location burns down and also all your records get on clay, as opposed to being ruined, they set and stay.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
Today we will write beautiful letters in calligraphy. It´s an easy version for beginners.
Materials: Tombow brush pen
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Music: Epidemic Sounds
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