T11his ability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, give directions to reveal, communicate ideas across the void of space as well as time has made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and also gardens. Yet what do you see looming over it all? Forehead. These temples play a large function in why composing started. Because Sumer was the nation of the first actual cities in the globe.
Not thousands of individuals or hundreds of individuals, yet with each other 10s of thousands. And also these cities created city-states, joined by the prayer of a specific group of gods. Individuals controlled watering and cities expanded. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs filled with grain right here? These temples additionally offered as significant warehouses. Repository for the immense riches of the city. In great times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a little image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this nice little drawing of grain has been simplified. Extra abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also easier methods to tape-record assets, they did not busily attract every sub-item gave the temple, however rather they pertained to an equally concurred collection of more symbolic representations for items flowing right into sanctuaries. As well as you can see just how a person could occur, that these signs require not only represent the idea of something, yet likewise words itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you could hear them, it would certainly seem like every person was stating the very same point over and over again. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these factors are essential due to the fact that when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to consider a sign as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Stop reasoning of a sign showing a word and also begin to believe regarding the basic significance of its sound, which can suggest extra details things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to consider pictures as audios and integrating noises together permits you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? See him create. See just how he composes from top to bottom, just as you would write a listing. That will alter quickly, because the problem with clay is that it takes forever to completely dry. And also if you inadvertently rest your hand while composing from leading to base, you can easily erase the entire column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon individuals review characters created sidewards from entrusted to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more various from the things and pictures they utilized to stand for. This creating system was then adopted by the bordering Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it also a lot more. Variables or tiny characters have actually also been included in figure out which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
And also now you have an actual writing system.
Original photos, but likewise pictograms transformed from them they completely vanished right into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus pen after that preferred. Which indicates as opposed to a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and also lyrical things like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we understand all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When a place refute and all your documents get on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Hello my friends =)
Today I want to show you how to write in calligraphy for beginners. It´s an easy way. Write with me the alphabet in calligraphy.
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