T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us across generations, offer directions to reveal, interact concepts across the abyss of room and also time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, mutual understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, transferring to and also from the temple daily, they required to keep records somehow. As well as that’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later, to make sure that the clergymans might recognize specifically what they have at hand in their huge temple storehouse. However also though brands have their location in the initial writing, there is something far more intriguing for us on this moist piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has actually been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and much easier methods to tape products, they did not busily attract every sub-item gave the temple, but instead they concerned an equally agreed set of even more symbolic representations for goods streaming into holy locations. And you can see exactly how somebody could take place, that these icons require not only represent the concept of something, yet likewise the word itself.
As well as that’s exactly what took place.
The icon for the cow was understood not just as a rep of the animal, but also as a word cow as such. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each other?
If you might hear them, it would seem like every person was stating the very same thing over and also over once more. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are composed of word make-up. Both of these points are important since when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to consider a sign as a word, however as an audio for that word. Quit reasoning of a symbol suggesting a word as well as begin to believe about the basic significance of its audio, which can suggest a lot more specific things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you begin to think of images as audios as well as integrating audios with each other allows you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a genuine writing system.
Initial pictures, but additionally pictograms transformed from them they entirely disappeared into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus after that preferred. Which means rather of a handful of nouns to be created to stock checklists right here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Funny thing concerning clay: When a location burns down as well as all your documents are on clay, instead of being ruined, they solidify as well as remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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