T11his capability to hand down concepts to us across generations, give guidelines to reveal, communicate ideas throughout the void of space and also time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge function in why writing began. Because Sumer was the country of the first genuine cities in the world.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing jugs filled with grain below? These temples additionally offered as substantial warehouses. Database for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, gifts flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of supplies, relocating to as well as from the holy place everyday, they needed to maintain records somehow. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, to make sure that the priests might recognize precisely what they contend hand in their huge temple warehouse. But despite the fact that brand names have their area in the initial writing, there is something far more intriguing for us on this moist piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a little photo of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and easier ways to tape-record products, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the holy place, yet instead they came to an equally concurred set of even more symbolic depictions for products flowing right into sanctuaries. And you can see how a person might occur, that these symbols require not just stand for the principle of something, but additionally words itself.
As well as that’s specifically what happened.
The sign for the cow was understood not just as a representative of the pet, yet additionally as a word cow thus. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as here comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are very important because when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to think about a sign as a word, but as a noise for that word. Stop reasoning of a symbol showing a word and start to think of the general definition of its audio, which can suggest much more details points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to believe of images as audios as well as combining audios together allows you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? See him create. See just how he composes inside out, simply as you would compose a checklist. That will certainly transform quickly, due to the fact that the problem with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. As well as if you unintentionally rest your hand while writing from top to base, you can easily delete the entire column you just keyed in.
But this threat is lowered if you start creating from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, but various other literate people, that had to review it picked up from leading to base, so they really did not like this laterally creating. What did the scribes do? They just rotated all the characters 90 degrees so that one can transform the table as well as read it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more different from the things and pictures they used to represent. This creating system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalized it a lot more. Elements or small personalities have also been added to establish which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Original images, but likewise pictograms transformed from them they completely went away into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus pen then chosen. Which implies rather of a handful of nouns to be contacted stock listings below we have a creating system that can offer us lyrical and abstract things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When an area refute and all your documents are on clay, rather than being damaged, they harden and also continue to be.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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This was actually supposed to be episode 3, but since we recorded a bunch of episodes, some things got mixed up and this comes as episode 4. In this episode, we continue to talk about some things from Episode 2 so It’s best to listen to it after episode 2 https://youtu.be/tEy4xsVkMcA and not after episode 3. We continue discussing How to Start Calligraphy, Tools, and Materials and about our favorite Calligraphy Scripts.
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