T11his capacity to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to reveal, connect ideas throughout the void of space as well as time has actually made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These holy places play a large function in why writing started. Because Sumer was the nation of the initial real cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing jugs packed with grain below? These holy places additionally served as substantial stockrooms. Repository for the immense wide range of the city. In great times, gifts flowed in.
As well as in hard times, they were separated back. This system produced a substantial wealth for the priest, however he likewise guaranteed that cities of this dimension could function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the males that bring the grain. Do you see a guy seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of supplies, relocating to and also from the holy place on a daily basis, they needed to maintain documents in some way. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, so that the clergymans may understand exactly what they contend hand in their gigantic temple storehouse. However even though brand names have their place in the initial writing, there is something a lot more fascinating for us on this wet piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are important due to the fact that when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a sign as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol suggesting a word and start to believe concerning the basic significance of its audio, which can suggest more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about pictures as sounds as well as incorporating noises together allows you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See exactly how he creates from top to base, simply as you would compose a list. That will certainly alter quickly, since the issue with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And if you unintentionally rest your hand while composing from top to bottom, you can conveniently erase the entire column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. However sufficient individuals in the holy place really did not such as the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, but other literate people, who had to review it learned from top to bottom, so they really did not like this sideways creating. So what did the scribes do? They simply rotated all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one might transform the table and review it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Even more various from the things and pictures they utilized to stand for. This creating system was after that embraced by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, that generalized it a lot more. Variables or little personalities have actually additionally been contributed to identify which part of the speech was which, to prevent ambiguity.
As well as currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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