T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, give guidelines to reveal, connect concepts throughout the abyss of room as well as time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. But what do you see overlooking everything? Temples. These temples play a huge role in why creating began. Since Sumer was the country of the first actual cities worldwide.
Not numerous individuals or thousands of individuals, yet with each other tens of thousands. And these cities created city-states, joined by the praise of a specific team of gods. People regulated irrigation and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
But these substantial, substantial holy place complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those men bringing jugs packed with grain right here? These holy places additionally worked as significant storehouses. Database for the enormous wide range of the city. In good times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a tiny photo of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this wonderful little illustration of grain has been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were searching for faster and less complicated methods to tape-record commodities, they did not busily attract every sub-item offered the temple, however rather they concerned an equally concurred collection of more symbolic depictions for items moving into sanctuaries. And you can see how a person can happen, that these symbols need not just represent the concept of something, yet additionally words itself.
As well as that’s exactly what took place.
The sign for the cow was understood not only as an agent of the animal, but likewise as a word cow because of this. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also right here comes a happy etymological coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the temple talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to consider pictures as audios and also combining sounds with each other enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine writing system.
Original pictures, but likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished right into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus pen after that chosen. Which indicates rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings below we have a creating system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we recognize all this? Funny aspect of clay: When a location burns down and also all your documents are on clay, rather than being ruined, they harden as well as remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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