T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, give instructions to share, connect suggestions throughout the void of room and time has actually made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These holy places play a big function in why composing began. Because Sumer was the country of the very first actual cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in challenging times, they were separated back. This system developed a significant wealth for the priest, but he likewise made sure that cities of this dimension can function. We don’t care now. Look beside the guys that carry the grain. Do you see a male enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk next to his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little illustration of grain has been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and much easier methods to tape-record products, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, yet instead they concerned an equally concurred set of even more symbolic representations for items moving into holy places. And you can see exactly how somebody might happen, that these signs need not only stand for the principle of something, but likewise words itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. And also below comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to think of photos as sounds as well as integrating sounds together permits you to create various words.
As well as when you integrate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon easy words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for hundreds of photos. But we’re refrained yet. Because exactly how the scribes wrote has actually altered the method we compose in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our friend in the holy place includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him create. See just how he creates from top to bottom, just as you would create a listing. That will transform soon, because the problem with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. As well as if you unintentionally rest your hand while creating inside out, you can conveniently delete the entire column you just keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have a genuine writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
#DIY #Modern #Calligraphy
This is a quick crash course where I’m showing you how to DIY the basics of modern calligraphy. Pointed pen calligraphy can be challenging but it’s a great tool to have in your lettering arsenal. If you’re new to hand lettering I recommend starting with faux calligraphy.
THE PEN I’M USING:
It’s a dip pen or a “pointed” pen. It comes in two parts: a nib and a nib holder. My nib is a 512 from Speedball. My nib holder is a straight nib holder from Speedball.
🎥✒️PART 2 of this video: https://youtu.be/C6CycgclkxI
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*Remember in modern calligraphy there aren’t any rules. Play with your letters and HAVE FUN.
*I completely forgot to mention cleaning your nibs. You want to clean your nib every single time you use it. You can use soap and water, but I recommend the Speedball Pen Cleanser. It’s about $6 at my local Michael’s. It makes the process super fast and easy. Dry your nibs completely so they don’t rust.
How do I use my calligraphy? I like to make wall art out of quotes, addressing envelopes, writing and making thank you cards (or any card), writing on gift tags, and making graphics.
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