T11his capability to pass on ideas to us across generations, offer instructions to express, connect ideas throughout the void of area as well as time has actually made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. But what do you see overlooking it all? Temples. These temples play a huge duty in why creating started. Since Sumer was the country of the first real cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of individuals, but with each other 10s of thousands. And also these cities developed city-states, joined by the praise of a certain team of gods. Individuals managed watering and cities expanded. And as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those men bringing jugs loaded with grain below? These temples additionally acted as big storehouses. Repository for the tremendous riches of the city. In great times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of supplies, transferring to and from the temple each day, they needed to maintain records somehow. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will be saved later on, to ensure that the clergymans may know specifically what they contend hand in their gigantic temple storehouse. However although brand names have their area in the initial writing, there is something a lot more intriguing for us on this moist piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this wonderful little illustration of grain has been simplified. Much more abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and also much easier ways to videotape products, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the temple, however instead they pertained to a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic representations for items flowing right into divine areas. And you can see how a person might take place, that these icons require not only represent the principle of something, however likewise the word itself.
Which’s precisely what took place.
The sign for the cow was comprehended not just as an agent of the pet, however also as a word cow because of this. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as below comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place speaking to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to think about photos as noises and combining audios with each other enables you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? View him create. See how he creates inside out, simply as you would certainly create a listing. That will certainly transform soon, since the problem with clay is that it takes forever to completely dry. And also if you inadvertently rest your hand while writing inside out, you can easily delete the entire column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more different from the images and points they used to stand for. This creating system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, that generalized it much more. Elements or little personalities have likewise been included to establish which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
And now you have a real creating system.
Initial images, yet also pictograms transformed from them they totally went away into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus pen after that favored. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists below we have a writing system that can provide us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Funny feature of clay: When a place refute and also all your documents are on clay, rather of being destroyed, they set and also remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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How to write name “Hanfia Taleem ul Quraan ” in Urdu calligraphy with rules of “Qat”
by Naveed Akhtar Uppal (calligrapher & artist)
Naveed Akhtar Uppal (Calligrapher & Artist)
Professional Diploma in Calligraphy from NCA (National College of Arts, Lahore, Pakistan)
OPAL institute of calligraphy & fine arts, Jhelum, Pakistan.
1. Ustaad Khursheed Aalam Gohar Qalam Lahore.
2. Gulaam Rasool Manzar Raqum Lahore.
3. Rasheed Butt Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Naveed Akhtar Uppal
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