T11his capacity to pass on concepts to us across generations, offer guidelines to express, interact suggestions throughout the abyss of space and also time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these enormous, vast holy place complicateds they did not offer just as habitations.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing containers complete of grain below? These temples additionally acted as big storage facilities. Repository for the tremendous riches of the city. In great times, presents moved in.
And in difficult times, they were divided back. This system produced a substantial riches for the priest, yet he likewise made certain that cities of this dimension could work. We don’t care now. Look beside the men that lug the grain. Do you see a guy viewing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this nice little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster as well as simpler ways to videotape products, they did not busily attract every sub-item brought to the temple, yet rather they pertained to a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic representations for products moving right into holy locations. And also you can see exactly how someone could take place, that these signs require not just stand for the principle of something, yet likewise the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The sign for the cow was comprehended not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And below comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables as well as where the terms are made up of word make-up. Both of these factors are crucial because when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to assume of a symbol as a word, however as an audio for that word. Quit thinking about a sign showing a word as well as begin to consider the basic definition of its audio, which can indicate extra specific points. Once you do this, you will certainly not draw photos for each word in the language.
Currently you begin to assume of photos as audios as well as incorporating noises with each other enables you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have a genuine writing system.
Original photos, but additionally pictograms changed from them they completely went away right into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus pen after that liked. Which means rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted supply lists here we have a creating system that can give us abstract and lyrical points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we know all this? Amusing feature of clay: When an area refute and also all your records get on clay, rather of being damaged, they set and also remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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