T11his capacity to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide instructions to reveal, connect ideas across the abyss of area and time has made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also sellers.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing containers packed with grain here? These temples also acted as big warehouses. Repository for the tremendous riches of the city. In excellent times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with whole lots of products, transferring to as well as from the holy place daily, they required to keep documents in some way. And also that’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be saved later, to make sure that the clergymans may understand precisely what they have at hand in their gigantic holy place warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has been streamlined. Much more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also less complicated methods to tape-record products, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item offered the temple, however rather they pertained to a mutually concurred collection of even more symbolic depictions for products moving right into divine areas. And also you can see exactly how a person could occur, that these icons need not just stand for the concept of something, however also words itself.
Which’s specifically what took place.
The icon for the cow was comprehended not just as a representative of the animal, yet also as a word cow thus. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. And right here comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking with each various other?
If you could hear them, it would certainly seem like everybody was saying the exact same thing over as well as over once again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are important because when much of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to assume of a sign as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Stop thinking of a sign suggesting a word and also start to believe about the general meaning of its noise, which can indicate extra particular points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to think about photos as noises and incorporating noises together permits you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. However because they were upside-down, they were a lot more abstract currently. Also a lot more various from the photos and things they used to stand for. This composing system was then embraced by the surrounding Akkad and also Elamites, who generalized it even much more. Elements or little characters have additionally been included in establish which part of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
As well as now you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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