Foiling Calligraphy



T11his capability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, offer directions to share, interact ideas across the void of area as well as time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.

To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also merchants.

You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.

Not thousands of individuals or countless individuals, but with each other 10s of thousands. And these cities produced city-states, united by the worship of a certain group of gods. People regulated irrigation and also cities expanded. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.

These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.

Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.

Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?

Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.

With such an economic climate, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple each day, they required to maintain records in some way. As well as that’s exactly what he does. That table will be conserved later, to make sure that the clergymans might understand precisely what they have at hand in their huge temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.

Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.

As well as that’s specifically what happened.

The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. But still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. As well as below comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see the people at the temple talking with each various other?

If you might hear them, it would appear like everybody was stating the very same point over and also over once again. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables as well as where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these factors are essential due to the fact that when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about an icon as a word, however as an audio for that word. Quit thinking about an icon suggesting a word as well as start to assume regarding the basic significance of its sound, which can indicate more certain things. As soon as you do this, you will not draw photos for every word in the language.

Currently you begin to believe of pictures as noises and combining noises together allows you to create various words.

And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.

Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him write. See just how he creates from top to bottom, just as you would compose a listing. That will alter soon, due to the fact that the trouble with clay is that it takes permanently to completely dry. And also if you accidentally relax your hand while composing inside out, you can conveniently remove the entire column you simply keyed in.

This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient individuals in the temple didn’t such as the innovation. It was less complicated for scribes, yet various other literate individuals, who had to review it discovered from leading to base, so they really did not like this laterally composing. What did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the personalities 90 levels to make sure that one can transform the table as well as read it from top to bottom customarily.

Soon individuals read characters created laterally from delegated right. But because they were inverted, they were a lot more abstract currently. Also a lot more different from the photos and also things they used to represent. This writing system was then adopted by the surrounding Akkad and also Elamites, that generalized it even more. Aspects or small personalities have actually also been added to figure out which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.

And also currently you have a genuine composing system.

Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.

However it won’t take place below for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.

It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.

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Foiling Calligraphy x Michael Ward
Michael Ward is a calligrapher focused on Spencerian Script Calligraphy and some time ago he started experimenting with Foiling Calligraphy on leather. Many people got inspired by him and started doing the same technique but he is the 1ST who discovered and started developing it!!

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