T11his ability to pass on ideas to us across generations, give guidelines to reveal, communicate suggestions throughout the void of space as well as time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and also self-understanding.
But to understand how composing began, we have to go to ancient Sumer, where creating initial began to be made use of extensively. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of people or countless people, but with each other 10s of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, joined by the worship of a certain team of gods. People managed irrigation as well as cities grew. And also as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those men bringing jugs loaded with grain here? These holy places additionally functioned as huge storage facilities. Repository for the immense wide range of the city. In excellent times, presents moved in.
And also in tough times, they were divided back. This system produced a big wide range for the clergyman, but he also guaranteed that cities of this size can operate. We don’t care now. Look beside the males that lug the grain. Do you see a man seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of materials, relocating to and from the temple on a daily basis, they needed to keep documents somehow. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant holy place storehouse. Yet despite the fact that brand names have their area in the initial writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was comprehended not just as a representative of the animal, however also as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as right here comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see the people at the temple talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to think about pictures as audios and incorporating audios together enables you to develop different words.
As well as when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts as well as audios, which represent hundreds of pictures. We’re not done. Because just how the scribes created has actually transformed the way we write in Western nations today. Do you remember just how our friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. However sufficient people in the temple didn’t such as the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate individuals, who had to read it picked up from top to base, so they didn’t like this sidewards creating. So what did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the characters 90 degrees to ensure that one could transform the table as well as read it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more different from the pictures and also things they utilized to stand for. This creating system was then adopted by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, that generalized it a lot more. Variables or tiny characters have actually additionally been included to figure out which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of obscurity.
As well as now you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
However it won’t take place below for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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