T11his capacity to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, provide instructions to share, interact suggestions across the abyss of space and also time has actually made it possible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the universe, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. Yet what do you see overlooking all of it? Temples. These holy places play a huge function in why writing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the initial actual cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these substantial, large holy place complicateds they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs packed with grain right here? These holy places additionally acted as huge storehouses. Repository for the enormous wide range of the city. In great times, presents streamed in.
And in tough times, they were divided back. This system created a substantial wealth for the priest, however he also made certain that cities of this size can function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the males who bring the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny image of a grain stalk next to his documents, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has been simplified. A lot more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster and easier ways to tape-record products, they did not busily attract every sub-item offered the temple, yet instead they involved an equally agreed collection of even more symbolic depictions for items streaming into divine locations. As well as you can see how someone could take place, that these icons require not only represent the idea of something, but also words itself.
And that’s precisely what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a rep of the pet, however also as a word cow as such. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. And below comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see the people at the temple talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think of pictures as noises as well as incorporating sounds together enables you to produce different words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with principles and also noises, which represent countless photos. We’re not done. Because exactly how the scribes created has actually altered the method we compose in Western nations today. Do you bear in mind just how our close friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
#Feathers #Twilight #Singers #calligraphy
For those asking:
Pens include a vintage Parker Duofold Jr., a vintage Parker Thrifttime, a Romillo Narcea with a Spencerian-modified nib by Mottishaw, a super-wide automatic pen, and a Speedball metal brush. 🙂