T11his ability to pass on suggestions to us across generations, give guidelines to express, communicate suggestions throughout the void of space as well as time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and vendors.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of people or hundreds of individuals, however with each other 10s of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, unified by the worship of a particular group of gods. People controlled irrigation as well as cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a tiny photo of a grain stalk following to his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has actually been simplified. Extra abstract. Scribes were looking for faster as well as less complicated methods to tape-record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item offered the temple, but rather they came to an equally agreed collection of even more symbolic representations for products streaming right into divine places. As well as you can see just how a person could take place, that these signs require not only represent the concept of something, however likewise words itself.
And also that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to think about pictures as noises and integrating noises together enables you to produce various words.
And also when you combine that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain might mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent countless photos. However we’re refrained from doing yet. Due to the fact that exactly how the scribes created has altered the method we create in Western nations today. Do you remember exactly how our friend in the holy place includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. However due to the fact that they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more different from the photos and also points they used to represent. This writing system was then embraced by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, that generalized it a lot more. Elements or tiny characters have actually additionally been included in determine which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
As well as now you have a genuine writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
#Easy #Watercolor #Backgrounds #calligraphy #Card #making #Step #Step #Letteringbuff
Hello there, Welcome to my YouTube channel. In this video i’m gonna share with you How To Make Watercolor Backgrounds For Calligraphy. Below are the materials I used in the video and where I bought them. Please SUBSCRIBE if you want more tutorials and I’ll see you on my next video!
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MATERIALS I USED
– Canson Watercolor Paper
– Mungyo water colours and Prima water colour paints.
– Any Paint brush
– Tombow fude brush pen
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