T11his capability to hand down concepts to us across generations, provide instructions to reveal, interact ideas across the void of space as well as time has actually made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of individuals or hundreds of individuals, however together tens of thousands. And also these cities created city-states, joined by the praise of a certain team of gods. People managed irrigation as well as cities expanded. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in hard times, they were divided back. This system created a substantial wide range for the clergyman, yet he additionally made sure that cities of this size could function. However we uncommitted currently. Look beside the men that bring the grain. Do you see a man viewing them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do a lot. And right here comes a satisfied etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place chatting to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to think about images as audios as well as integrating sounds together enables you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read personalities written sideways from left to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more various from the things and pictures they made use of to stand for. This creating system was after that embraced by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it much more. Factors or little characters have actually also been included in determine which part of the speech was which, to prevent uncertainty.
And also now you have an actual writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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