T11his capability to pass on concepts to us across generations, offer guidelines to express, communicate concepts across the void of space and time has actually made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets as well as gardens. Yet what do you see overlooking it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge function in why creating began. Because Sumer was the nation of the first genuine cities in the globe.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these huge, huge holy place complicateds they did not offer just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
As well as in tough times, they were divided back. This system created a significant riches for the priest, but he likewise guaranteed that cities of this dimension can function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the men who bring the grain. Do you see a male enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider photos as audios and also combining audios together allows you to create different words.
And when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon straightforward words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts as well as sounds, which stand for hundreds of photos. We’re not done. Due to the fact that how the scribes wrote has altered the method we create in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind how our buddy in the temple includes grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See how he composes from top to bottom, simply as you would write a checklist. That will certainly alter soon, due to the fact that the issue with clay is that it takes permanently to completely dry. And also if you unintentionally relax your hand while creating from top to base, you can quickly erase the whole column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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