T11his ability to pass on concepts to us across generations, offer guidelines to express, interact concepts throughout the abyss of room and time has made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of the cosmos, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the roads and gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These holy places play a huge function in why composing started. Since Sumer was the nation of the first real cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of individuals or thousands of individuals, however with each other tens of thousands. And also these cities produced city-states, joined by the worship of a certain team of gods. People managed watering and cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
However these large, substantial holy place complexes they did not serve only as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And also that’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. As well as below comes a pleased etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking to each various other?
If you can hear them, it would certainly appear like everybody was claiming the same point over as well as over once again. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables as well as where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these factors are very important since when much of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about an icon as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Stop thinking about a symbol showing a word as well as begin to consider the general meaning of its sound, which can show extra details points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think of photos as audios as well as incorporating sounds with each other enables you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can indicate a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent countless pictures. But we’re refrained yet. Because exactly how the scribes wrote has actually altered the means we compose in Western nations today. Do you bear in mind how our pal in the holy place adds grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him compose. See how he composes inside out, just as you would write a list. That will change soon, because the issue with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. And also if you mistakenly rest your hand while creating from top to base, you can quickly delete the entire column you just typed.
Yet this danger is decreased if you begin writing from delegated right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, however various other literate individuals, that had to review it picked up from top to base, so they didn’t like this sideways creating. So what did the scribes do? They simply revolved all the characters 90 levels to make sure that one could transform the table and review it inside out as usual.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more different from the things and pictures they made use of to represent. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and also Elamites, who generalised it a lot more. Aspects or tiny personalities have actually additionally been added to determine which component of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
And also currently you have a real composing system.
Initial photos, however additionally pictograms changed from them they totally vanished right into the wedge prints and also lines developed by the stylus then favored. Which implies rather of a handful of nouns to be created to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a place burns down and also all your documents get on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
CALLIGRAPHY,ARABIC CALLIGRAPHY,Arabic calligraphy,Durood-e-Ibrahimi