T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, give guidelines to express, interact ideas across the abyss of room and time has made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the cosmos, mutual understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, however with each other 10s of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, joined by the prayer of a particular group of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation and also cities expanded. And as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in difficult times, they were separated back. This system developed a huge wide range for the priest, but he likewise made certain that cities of this dimension could function. But we do not care now. Look following to the men who lug the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each various other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are necessary since when much of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to consider a sign as a word, but as a sound for that word. Quit reasoning of a sign indicating a word and begin to believe about the general meaning of its noise, which can indicate much more specific things. Once you do this, you will not draw images for each and every word in the language.
Now you start to think about pictures as noises and also combining audios together permits you to produce different words.
And also when you integrate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on straightforward words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also audios, which represent hundreds of pictures. But we’re not done yet. Since just how the scribes wrote has transformed the means we compose in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our close friend in the holy place adds grain?
Did the markers on the clay table? See him write. See just how he creates from leading to base, equally as you would certainly compose a listing. That will transform soon, due to the fact that the trouble with clay is that it takes for life to dry. And also if you inadvertently relax your hand while composing from top to base, you can quickly erase the entire column you just entered.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a real creating system.
Initial pictures, however likewise pictograms changed from them they totally went away right into the wedge prints as well as lines produced by the stylus pen then liked. Which implies as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted stock checklists here we have a writing system that can provide us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we recognize all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When an area refute as well as all your documents get on clay, rather than being destroyed, they harden as well as stay.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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