T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us across generations, provide instructions to express, communicate suggestions throughout the void of area and also time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the cosmos, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those men bringing jugs filled with grain here? These holy places additionally served as massive storage facilities. Repository for the immense riches of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of supplies, moving to as well as from the temple on a daily basis, they required to maintain records somehow. And that’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, to make sure that the priests might understand specifically what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s specifically what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to think about images as sounds as well as combining noises together enables you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See how he writes from leading to base, just as you would write a listing. That will alter soon, because the problem with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And if you unintentionally relax your hand while writing inside out, you can quickly erase the entire column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly people review personalities written sidewards from delegated right. However because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Also more different from the images and also things they utilized to stand for. This writing system was then embraced by the neighboring Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalised it a lot more. Elements or small characters have likewise been added to establish which component of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
And now you have a real composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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