T11his ability to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, give instructions to share, interact concepts throughout the void of room as well as time has actually made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing jugs full of grain below? These holy places additionally acted as big storage facilities. Repository for the immense wealth of the city. In good times, presents moved in.
As well as in tough times, they were divided back. This system created a massive wealth for the priest, yet he also guaranteed that cities of this size could operate. We don’t care now. Look beside the men that carry the grain. Do you see a guy seeing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The sign for the cow was comprehended not just as an agent of the pet, but likewise as a word cow as such. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And below comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking with each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about photos as sounds and also incorporating audios together enables you to develop various words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon simple words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent hundreds of photos. Yet we’re refrained from doing yet. Since just how the scribes composed has altered the method we compose in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind just how our friend in the temple includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
But this threat is minimized if you start composing from delegated right. Yet adequate people in the temple really did not such as the innovation. It was simpler for scribes, but other literate individuals, who needed to review it picked up from top to bottom, so they really did not like this sideways writing. What did the scribes do? They simply turned all the personalities 90 degrees to ensure that one might transform the table and review it from top to base as normal.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have an actual writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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