T11his capability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, offer guidelines to reveal, communicate concepts across the void of space and also time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the universe, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these enormous, substantial holy place complicateds they did not serve just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of products, relocating to as well as from the temple every day, they needed to keep documents in some way. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, so that the priests might know precisely what they contend hand in their huge temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about pictures as sounds as well as incorporating audios together permits you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him compose. See just how he creates inside out, equally as you would create a listing. That will alter quickly, because the trouble with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. As well as if you mistakenly rest your hand while composing from leading to base, you can conveniently remove the whole column you simply entered.
Yet this danger is lowered if you start composing from delegated right. However sufficient people in the temple didn’t like the advancement. It was simpler for scribes, however other literate individuals, who needed to read it picked up from top to base, so they really did not like this sideways creating. What did the scribes do? They just turned all the personalities 90 levels to make sure that one can turn the table as well as read it from top to base as usual.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. But since they were upside-down, they were more abstract currently. A lot more various from the things and pictures they utilized to represent. This composing system was after that embraced by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, that generalized it even much more. Variables or small characters have actually likewise been included in establish which part of the speech was which, to prevent ambiguity.
And also currently you have a genuine writing system.
Original pictures, however also pictograms changed from them they entirely vanished into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus pen after that preferred. Which implies rather than a handful of nouns to be composed to stock listings below we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a location burns down and also all your documents are on clay, rather of being damaged, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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