T11his capacity to pass on ideas to us across generations, provide guidelines to share, communicate ideas throughout the abyss of area and time has actually made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those men bringing jugs loaded with grain here? These temples also served as substantial storage facilities. Database for the enormous riches of the city. In excellent times, presents flowed in.
And in tough times, they were split back. This system produced a massive riches for the clergyman, but he also guaranteed that cities of this size can function. Yet we uncommitted now. Look following to the guys who lug the grain. Do you see a guy enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you can hear them, it would seem like every person was claiming the very same thing over and also over again. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition. Both of these points are very important due to the fact that when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to think of a symbol as a word, however as an audio for that word. Stop reasoning of an icon showing a word and also start to assume about the general significance of its sound, which can suggest a lot more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to consider images as noises as well as integrating sounds together allows you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more different from the things and pictures they utilized to represent. This writing system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, that generalized it much more. Aspects or small characters have actually also been contributed to identify which part of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
And also currently you have a genuine composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
But it won’t occur here for some time. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Tsering Wongya, a famous calligrapher in the Kham area, was born in Rongpatsa, Garze County in 1955. He taught at Sichuan Minzu College for 25 years and returned to his hometown after retiring in 2011.
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