T11his ability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, give instructions to express, communicate ideas across the void of space as well as time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. Yet what do you see looming over all of it? Temples. These temples play a large duty in why writing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the first real cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these substantial, huge holy place complicateds they did not offer just as habitations.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing containers filled with grain right here? These temples additionally worked as huge warehouses. Repository for the tremendous wealth of the city. In good times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and also where the terms are made up of word composition. Both of these factors are essential because when numerous of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to believe of a sign as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a sign showing a word and also begin to think of the general significance of its audio, which can indicate a lot more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to assume of photos as noises and also combining sounds together allows you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly individuals check out characters written sideways from delegated right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more various from the images and also points they used to represent. This writing system was after that adopted by the neighboring Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalised it much more. Factors or small characters have additionally been included in figure out which part of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And now you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Yet it will not happen below for some time. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Watch a-z of brush calligraphy with Camlin brush pens in multiple styles. Also, learn about the basic strokes of brush calligraphy.
0:00 Camlin Brush Pens Overview
0:35 Basic Strokes
1:00 Letter Formation
1:37 Practice Sheets
1:57 Exemplar 1
3:05 Exemplar 2
3:51 Writing Words
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