T11his ability to hand down ideas to us across generations, provide instructions to reveal, connect concepts across the abyss of area as well as time has actually made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
But to recognize how composing began, we have to most likely to ancient Sumer, where writing first started to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a big role in why writing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the first real cities on the planet.
Not numerous people or hundreds of individuals, but together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities produced city-states, united by the prayer of a specific group of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation as well as cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of materials, relocating to as well as from the holy place each day, they needed to maintain documents in some way. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, to make sure that the priests might understand exactly what they have at hand in their gigantic holy place warehouse. Yet although brands have their area in the original writing, there is something far more fascinating for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to think about images as noises and also incorporating sounds together allows you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for hundreds of pictures. We’re not done. Since exactly how the scribes wrote has changed the means we create in Western nations today. Do you bear in mind how our pal in the holy place includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was much easier for scribes, yet various other literate people, that had to review it picked up from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways creating. So what did the scribes do? They just rotated all the personalities 90 degrees to make sure that one might turn the table as well as review it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more different from the things and pictures they made use of to represent. This composing system was then taken on by the neighboring Akkad as well as Elamites, that generalised it much more. Variables or small personalities have additionally been included to identify which part of the speech was which, to prevent obscurity.
And now you have a genuine composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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