T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, give instructions to reveal, connect ideas across the abyss of space and time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. But what do you see overlooking it all? Forehead. These temples play a big duty in why creating began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the very first actual cities in the world.
Not thousands of individuals or hundreds of individuals, however with each other tens of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, unified by the prayer of a particular team of gods. People regulated irrigation as well as cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs complete of grain below? These holy places likewise functioned as huge storage facilities. Database for the enormous riches of the city. In excellent times, gifts flowed in.
And in challenging times, they were divided back. This system produced a significant wide range for the priest, but he also guaranteed that cities of this size might work. Yet we do not care currently. Look alongside the males that carry the grain. Do you see a man enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with lots of products, relocating to and also from the temple each day, they needed to keep documents in some way. As well as that’s exactly what he does. That table will be conserved later, to ensure that the clergymans might understand precisely what they have at hand in their huge holy place warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this great little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster as well as simpler means to videotape products, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the temple, however rather they concerned a mutually concurred set of even more symbolic representations for products streaming into holy areas. And you can see just how someone could occur, that these symbols need not just represent the concept of something, yet also words itself.
Which’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to believe of photos as audios and also combining noises together permits you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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For centuries, calligraphy has been taking mundane written language and turning it into beautiful art. Inspired by graffiti and breakdancing, Russian tattoo artist Pocketski has taken the ancient art into the modern age with his style of tattooing. Watch as Pocketski creates a gorgeous calligraphy tattoo and listen to learn where his inspiration is from.
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