T11his ability to pass on concepts to us across generations, provide guidelines to express, communicate suggestions across the abyss of area and time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. However what do you see looming over all of it? Temples. These temples play a large function in why composing began. Because Sumer was the nation of the initial real cities on the planet.
Not thousands of people or hundreds of people, however together tens of thousands. As well as these cities developed city-states, joined by the worship of a certain team of gods. Individuals regulated watering and cities expanded. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing jugs packed with grain below? These temples additionally acted as huge storage facilities. Database for the tremendous wide range of the city. In great times, gifts moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with lots of supplies, relocating to and also from the holy place each day, they needed to maintain records somehow. As well as that’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be saved later, so that the priests may know precisely what they have at hand in their large temple warehouse. But even though brand names have their area in the initial writing, there is something a lot more fascinating for us on this moist item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are made up of word structure. Both of these factors are necessary due to the fact that when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to think of an icon as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a sign suggesting a word and start to consider the basic definition of its noise, which can show a lot more certain things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to assume of photos as sounds as well as incorporating noises with each other permits you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But adequate people in the temple didn’t such as the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate people, who had to read it found out from leading to base, so they really did not like this sidewards creating. So what did the scribes do? They simply rotated all the characters 90 degrees to ensure that one could turn the table as well as review it inside out as typical.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Also extra different from the pictures as well as points they utilized to stand for. This composing system was then embraced by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, that generalized it much more. Elements or small personalities have actually also been included in identify which part of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
And currently you have a genuine writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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