T11his capacity to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, offer guidelines to reveal, interact suggestions across the abyss of space as well as time has made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
But to recognize just how creating started, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used thoroughly. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and also gardens. But what do you see towering over all of it? Temples. These holy places play a big function in why writing began. Since Sumer was the country of the very first real cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these substantial, large temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny photo of a grain stalk following to his documents, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this good little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. A lot more abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and simpler methods to record products, they did not busily draw every sub-item gave the holy place, yet rather they involved a mutually agreed collection of even more symbolic representations for items moving into divine places. As well as you can see exactly how someone can take place, that these symbols require not just stand for the idea of something, however additionally the word itself.
Which’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are composed of word composition. Both of these factors are crucial since when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to consider a symbol as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Quit thinking of a symbol showing a word as well as begin to consider the general definition of its audio, which can show more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you begin to consider photos as audios and also combining sounds with each other allows you to develop different words.
As well as when you incorporate that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas and audios, which stand for thousands of images. However we’re not done yet. Because just how the scribes composed has transformed the means we create in Western countries today. Do you remember just how our pal in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have a real writing system.
Initial pictures, however likewise pictograms changed from them they totally vanished into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus pen then liked. Which indicates rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted supply lists right here we have a writing system that can offer us abstract as well as lyrical points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we know all this? Amusing thing regarding clay: When a place refute and also all your documents are on clay, rather than being ruined, they harden and also stay.
Yet it will not take place here for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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THE HAPPY EVER CRAFTER YOUTUBE TUTORIALS:
Basic Calligraphy Strokes- https://youtu.be/nj962-cU2PQ
The Basic Calligraphy Strokes Demonstrated- https://youtu.be/hpofit9lYNk
Bounce Calligraphy- https://youtu.be/kllThHV6uek
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