T11his ability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to express, connect concepts throughout the void of room and time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, common understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of materials, moving to as well as from the temple daily, they needed to maintain documents somehow. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later, so that the clergymans might understand exactly what they contend hand in their giant temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And also that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And right here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each other?
If you can hear them, it would seem like everybody was claiming the same point over and also over again. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are made up of word make-up. Both of these points are very important since when numerous of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to believe of a sign as a word, however as a noise for that word. Quit reasoning of a sign suggesting a word and also start to think about the basic meaning of its sound, which can indicate much more particular things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think of images as audios and integrating sounds together enables you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based on easy words, for example, a sickle plus grain might imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas and also audios, which represent hundreds of pictures. However we’re not done yet. Due to the fact that how the scribes wrote has transformed the method we create in Western nations today. Do you remember just how our buddy in the holy place includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him create. See how he composes inside out, simply as you would compose a listing. That will alter quickly, since the issue with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you inadvertently rest your hand while composing from leading to bottom, you can quickly erase the entire column you simply typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a real writing system.
Initial images, yet additionally pictograms transformed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus after that preferred. Which indicates instead of a handful of nouns to be composed to supply lists here we have a composing system that can offer us abstract as well as lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a place refute as well as all your records get on clay, rather than being destroyed, they harden as well as continue to be.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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