T11his ability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, give instructions to share, communicate ideas across the abyss of space as well as time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these large, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of materials, transferring to as well as from the holy place everyday, they required to keep records in some way. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, to make sure that the clergymans might know exactly what they have at hand in their gigantic temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. Much more abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and less complicated ways to record assets, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the temple, yet rather they pertained to a mutually concurred collection of more symbolic representations for goods moving right into sanctuaries. As well as you can see exactly how somebody can take place, that these signs require not just represent the principle of something, however additionally the word itself.
Which’s exactly what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to consider pictures as noises and combining sounds together enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more various from the things and pictures they used to represent. This composing system was then taken on by the bordering Akkad and Elamites, that generalized it even more. Variables or little personalities have actually likewise been contributed to determine which part of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And currently you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
#Calligraphy #Supplies #Beginners #Calligraphy #Toolkit
Calligraphy supplies are simple, but selecting them can be overwhelming starting out. Today, we share Bailey’s VERY simple toolkit to help you get started off on the right foot in pointed pen calligraphy!
Thanks for watching and be sure to let us know YOUR favorite tools in the comments! xoxo Bailey (@antiquariabailey on IG)
Rhodia Practice Pads
Antiquaria Calligraphy Pad
Staples Copy Paper, 733333
Nib Assorted Set
Yoke Pen Co., Le Deuce
John Neal Turned Wood Oblique
Marbled Straight Holder
Moonpalace Sumi Ink
Leather Desk Blotter
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Pure Potentiality by Benjamin Martins
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