T11his capacity to pass on ideas to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, interact ideas throughout the abyss of room and time has made it feasible to make excellent strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding and self-understanding.
However to understand how writing began, we have to go to old Sumer, where creating first started to be made use of extensively. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads as well as yards. However what do you see towering over all of it? Temples. These temples play a huge function in why creating began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the very first real cities in the world.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these large, substantial temple complicateds they did not serve just as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of materials, relocating to and also from the temple each day, they required to keep records in some way. As well as that’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, so that the clergymans might understand specifically what they contend hand in their large holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about images as sounds and also integrating audios together enables you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly people read characters created sidewards from entrusted to right. Yet because they were upside down, they were extra abstract now. Much more various from the images and things they used to stand for. This composing system was then taken on by the neighboring Akkad as well as Elamites, that generalised it also much more. Elements or little personalities have actually additionally been added to establish which part of the speech was which, to prevent uncertainty.
And also currently you have a genuine writing system.
Initial photos, however additionally pictograms transformed from them they totally vanished into the wedge prints and also lines developed by the stylus after that chosen. Which suggests instead of a handful of nouns to be written to supply checklists here we have a composing system that can offer us abstract and also lyrical things like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we know all this? Funny point regarding clay: When an area refute and also all your documents are on clay, instead of being ruined, they harden as well as remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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