T11his ability to hand down ideas to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, connect concepts across the void of area and time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or hundreds of people, but with each other tens of thousands. And these cities created city-states, unified by the praise of a specific team of gods. People regulated irrigation and also cities grew. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in hard times, they were separated back. This system created a substantial wealth for the priest, but he additionally ensured that cities of this size might function. We don’t care now. Look alongside the guys that bring the grain. Do you see a male viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as here comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to believe of photos as audios and also incorporating sounds with each other allows you to create various words.
As well as when you integrate that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon easy words, for example, a sickle plus grain might mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also audios, which represent thousands of images. Yet we’re refrained from doing yet. Since how the scribes composed has actually transformed the way we write in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind how our good friend in the holy place includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but various other literate people, who needed to read it picked up from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sidewards writing. So what did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the personalities 90 degrees so that one can turn the table as well as read it inside out customarily.
Soon people review characters composed sidewards from left to right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more various from the pictures and things they made use of to represent. This writing system was after that adopted by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, who generalized it much more. Factors or little characters have actually additionally been included in identify which part of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
And also now you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Yet it won’t happen right here for some time. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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Brush pens are used for different kinds of Calligraphy styles and in this compilation, I gathered my favorite artists using it. What’s your favorite brush pen??
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00:10 – Network
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00:57 – Purple Rain
01:21 – Molotow
01:44 – Keep Moving
02:07 – Kill them with Kindness
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02:36 – Brush Pen
02:59 – Letter F
03:24 – Letter K
03:47 – Family
04:08 – Deconstruction of Letter H
04:32 – Friends
05:14 – Flow
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05:59 – Potential
06:30 – Flashhights
06:56 – Dublin
07:13 – Shanghai
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