T11his ability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to share, interact ideas throughout the abyss of room and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Browse. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing jugs filled with grain here? These temples likewise served as massive stockrooms. Database for the enormous wealth of the city. In good times, presents streamed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a tiny image of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. More abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster and also easier means to videotape commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they concerned an equally agreed set of even more symbolic representations for goods streaming into sanctuaries. As well as you can see exactly how somebody might take place, that these icons need not only stand for the principle of something, yet also words itself.
Which’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as an agent of the pet, yet likewise as a word cow therefore. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as here comes a satisfied linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think about photos as noises as well as combining audios with each other enables you to create different words.
And also when you combine that with that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on straightforward words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can indicate a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for countless images. However we’re refrained yet. Since how the scribes composed has actually altered the way we write in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind just how our buddy in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have a real creating system.
Original images, but likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally disappeared into the wedge prints as well as lines produced by the stylus after that liked. Which means as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted stock listings below we have a writing system that can offer us abstract and lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we recognize all this? Amusing point about clay: When a place refute as well as all your documents are on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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