T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer guidelines to share, connect concepts across the void of area as well as time has actually made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the cosmos, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs loaded with grain here? These temples additionally functioned as significant storage facilities. Repository for the immense riches of the city. In excellent times, presents flowed in.
As well as in hard times, they were split back. This system created a significant riches for the clergyman, but he additionally ensured that cities of this dimension might operate. We don’t care now. Look beside the guys that bring the grain. Do you see a guy enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do much. And also below comes a pleased etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these points are very important because when much of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to believe of a sign as a word, but as a noise for that word. Stop thinking of an icon indicating a word and also begin to think regarding the general meaning of its audio, which can suggest a lot more details points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to think about images as audios as well as integrating noises with each other permits you to create different words.
And when you combine that keeping that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain might imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent countless pictures. We’re not done. Because just how the scribes wrote has actually changed the way we create in Western countries today. Do you remember how our pal in the temple includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
Yet this danger is minimized if you start composing from left to right. But adequate individuals in the holy place really did not such as the technology. It was less complicated for scribes, but various other literate people, who had to review it gained from leading to base, so they really did not like this sidewards writing. What did the scribes do? They just rotated all the characters 90 degrees so that one could turn the table as well as review it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Also much more various from the things and pictures they made use of to stand for. This creating system was then embraced by the bordering Akkad as well as Elamites, who generalized it a lot more. Variables or small personalities have actually also been added to determine which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
And now you have a genuine writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Yet it won’t occur below for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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How to write name “Aysha Siddiqua ” in Urdu calligraphy with rules of “Qat”
by Naveed Akhtar Uppal (calligrapher & artist)
Naveed Akhtar Uppal (Calligrapher & Artist)
Professional Diploma in Calligraphy from NCA (National College of Arts, Lahore, Pakistan)
OPAL institute of calligraphy & fine arts, Jhelum, Pakistan.
1. Ustaad Khursheed Aalam Gohar Qalam Lahore.
2. Gulaam Rasool Manzar Raqum Lahore.
3. Rasheed Butt Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Naveed Akhtar Uppal
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