T11his ability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, offer instructions to share, connect suggestions across the void of area and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and self-understanding.
However to recognize just how creating began, we should go to old Sumer, where composing first started to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. However what do you see looming over all of it? Forehead. These temples play a large duty in why composing started. Since Sumer was the nation of the first actual cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or hundreds of people, yet together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities produced city-states, unified by the prayer of a specific team of gods. People regulated irrigation as well as cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with lots of materials, transferring to and also from the temple each day, they required to maintain documents in some way. As well as that’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, so that the clergymans may understand specifically what they contend hand in their huge temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to assume of photos as sounds and combining sounds with each other allows you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Yet adequate people in the holy place really did not like the technology. It was easier for scribes, however other literate individuals, who needed to review it gained from leading to bottom, so they really did not like this sidewards composing. What did the scribes do? They just turned all the personalities 90 levels so that one can turn the table and review it from top to base as normal.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have an actual composing system.
Initial pictures, yet likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally went away right into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus pen then preferred. Which means rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock listings right here we have a composing system that can offer us abstract and lyrical things like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Amusing point concerning clay: When a location burns down and also all your documents get on clay, as opposed to being damaged, they harden and continue to be.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
Tools used in the video:
Automatic pens: https://goo.gl/fvmHJn
Pilot Parallel Pens: https://goo.gl/uDnmjQ
Tombow – https://goo.gl/VokYs4
Sakura Koi BP – https://goo.gl/EkRZL3
Dip pen – https://goo.gl/wcxcVb
Modified Pilot Parallel Pens: https://goo.gl/7b3dMW
Music by Joakim Karud:
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