T11his capability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, provide directions to share, communicate suggestions across the void of room and also time has made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. Yet what do you see overlooking it all? Forehead. These temples play a big function in why composing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the initial genuine cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of materials, relocating to and also from the temple each day, they required to keep records somehow. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, so that the clergymans might recognize exactly what they contend hand in their giant holy place storehouse. But despite the fact that brand names have their place in the original writing, there is something a lot more fascinating for us on this wet piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you could hear them, it would certainly seem like everybody was saying the same thing over as well as over once more. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are crucial because when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think about an icon as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Quit reasoning of a symbol suggesting a word and also start to assume concerning the basic significance of its sound, which can suggest more details things. Once you do this, you will certainly not draw pictures for each word in the language.
Currently you start to consider pictures as audios and combining sounds with each other enables you to create different words.
As well as when you combine that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon easy words, for example, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with principles as well as sounds, which stand for thousands of photos. We’re not done. Since exactly how the scribes wrote has transformed the method we create in Western nations today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our close friend in the temple includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon individuals read characters written sideways from delegated right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more various from the pictures and also things they utilized to stand for. This writing system was after that embraced by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, that generalised it even more. Factors or little personalities have additionally been contributed to identify which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of obscurity.
And also now you have an actual writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
But it won’t occur right here for some time. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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