T11his ability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, offer instructions to reveal, connect suggestions throughout the void of room and also time has actually made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and also merchants.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or hundreds of individuals, yet together tens of thousands. As well as these cities created city-states, united by the praise of a certain group of gods. People controlled irrigation and also cities expanded. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a little photo of a grain stalk beside his documents, so it is clear that his information refer to grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has actually been streamlined. Extra abstract. Scribes were trying to find faster as well as less complicated ways to record products, they did not busily draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, however instead they pertained to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for items moving into holy areas. And also you can see just how somebody can occur, that these icons require not just represent the idea of something, however also the word itself.
And that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you begin to assume of images as sounds as well as incorporating audios together permits you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? Enjoy him compose. See exactly how he composes from top to base, equally as you would certainly write a listing. That will change soon, because the issue with clay is that it takes forever to completely dry. And also if you mistakenly relax your hand while composing from top to bottom, you can easily remove the entire column you simply entered.
But this threat is decreased if you start composing from delegated right. But adequate individuals in the temple really did not like the technology. It was easier for scribes, yet other literate individuals, who had to read it gained from leading to base, so they didn’t like this laterally composing. So what did the scribes do? They simply turned all the personalities 90 levels to make sure that one could turn the table and also read it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And now you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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