T11his capacity to pass on ideas to us across generations, offer instructions to reveal, communicate ideas across the abyss of space as well as time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and also yards. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These temples play a huge function in why composing began. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the initial actual cities in the globe.
Not numerous individuals or countless people, however together 10s of thousands. And these cities produced city-states, united by the praise of a particular team of gods. Individuals managed irrigation as well as cities grew. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in hard times, they were separated back. This system produced a substantial riches for the clergyman, yet he additionally made sure that cities of this size could function. We don’t care now. Look beside the males that carry the grain. Do you see a male watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with whole lots of supplies, relocating to and also from the temple daily, they required to keep documents somehow. Which’s precisely what he does. That table will be saved later on, to ensure that the priests might recognize specifically what they have at hand in their huge holy place warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was comprehended not just as a representative of the animal, but additionally as a word cow therefore. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And here comes a satisfied etymological coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place talking with each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are composed of word make-up. Both of these factors are essential since when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to believe of an icon as a word, however as an audio for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol showing a word and begin to believe concerning the basic significance of its sound, which can indicate extra specific things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to consider photos as noises as well as integrating noises together permits you to develop various words.
As well as when you combine that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based upon basic words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for hundreds of photos. We’re not done. Since exactly how the scribes composed has transformed the means we create in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind how our good friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient individuals in the holy place really did not such as the technology. It was much easier for scribes, however various other literate individuals, that needed to read it learned from top to base, so they didn’t like this sidewards creating. What did the scribes do? They merely turned all the personalities 90 degrees to ensure that one could turn the table as well as review it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have an actual writing system.
Original photos, yet also pictograms transformed from them they entirely disappeared right into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus after that favored. Which implies rather than a handful of nouns to be composed to supply lists right here we have a composing system that can give us abstract as well as lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Funny aspect of clay: When a location burns down as well as all your records are on clay, rather than being damaged, they solidify and also continue to be.
However it will not occur below for some time. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
#ARABIC #CALLIGRAPHY #WAYS #WRITE #ALLAH #LEARN #ARABIC #CALLIGRAPHY #BEGINNERS #EASY #TUTORIAL
Arabic Calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy based on the Arabic alphabet. It is known in Arabic as khatt (Arabic: خط), derived from the word ‘line’, ‘design’, or ‘construction’.Islamic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage. It includes Arabic, Persian, Ottoman, Pakistan and Indian calligraphy.
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