T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer instructions to express, interact ideas throughout the abyss of room and time has actually made it possible to make great strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the streets and also gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These temples play a huge duty in why composing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the initial genuine cities in the globe.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing containers complete of grain here? These temples likewise offered as substantial storehouses. Database for the enormous wealth of the city. In great times, gifts flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And also that’s exactly what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you can hear them, it would appear like everybody was stating the same point over and over again. This is because Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are made up of word structure. Both of these points are very important due to the fact that when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to consider an icon as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Quit thinking about a symbol showing a word and begin to consider the general meaning of its audio, which can show more certain things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to assume of photos as sounds as well as incorporating audios with each other enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
But this danger is reduced if you start creating from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was less complicated for scribes, yet various other literate individuals, that needed to review it discovered from leading to bottom, so they didn’t like this sidewards composing. What did the scribes do? They merely revolved all the personalities 90 degrees so that one might turn the table and read it inside out customarily.
Quickly people review personalities composed sideways from entrusted to right. But because they were upside-down, they were more abstract currently. A lot more different from the things and pictures they utilized to stand for. This creating system was then embraced by the surrounding Akkad and also Elamites, who generalised it much more. Factors or small characters have also been contributed to determine which component of the speech was which, to avoid ambiguity.
And also currently you have a genuine writing system.
Original photos, yet likewise pictograms changed from them they completely disappeared into the wedge prints and lines created by the stylus then favored. Which indicates as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted supply checklists below we have a composing system that can provide us lyrical and abstract points like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we know all this? Amusing feature of clay: When an area refute as well as all your records are on clay, as opposed to being damaged, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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