T11his ability to pass on suggestions to us throughout generations, give guidelines to reveal, communicate concepts throughout the void of area as well as time has actually made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these large, large temple complicateds they did not offer only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with whole lots of products, relocating to and from the holy place each day, they required to maintain records somehow. And that’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, to make sure that the priests might know precisely what they have at hand in their huge holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is due to the fact that Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and where the terms are composed of word structure. Both of these points are essential since when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to believe of a sign as a word, however as an audio for that word. Quit thinking about an icon suggesting a word and also start to think regarding the basic definition of its audio, which can show a lot more particular things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Currently you start to consider pictures as audios and also incorporating audios together allows you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? See him write. See how he composes from leading to base, equally as you would certainly create a listing. That will change quickly, since the trouble with clay is that it takes forever to dry. As well as if you mistakenly relax your hand while composing from top to base, you can easily delete the entire column you simply typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient individuals in the holy place really did not such as the technology. It was much easier for scribes, however other literate individuals, that had to review it found out from top to base, so they really did not like this laterally creating. What did the scribes do? They simply turned all the characters 90 levels so that one might turn the table and review it from top to base as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a genuine writing system.
Original pictures, yet additionally pictograms changed from them they entirely vanished right into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus then chosen. Which suggests rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted supply lists below we have a composing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Funny aspect of clay: When an area burns down and all your documents are on clay, rather than being damaged, they harden as well as stay.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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