T11his capacity to hand down ideas to us across generations, give instructions to share, communicate suggestions across the abyss of room as well as time has actually made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. Yet what do you see looming over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a big function in why composing began. Since Sumer was the country of the very first actual cities in the world.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider photos as sounds and also integrating sounds with each other allows you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to review it gained from top to base, so they really did not like this sidewards composing. So what did the scribes do? They merely rotated all the characters 90 levels so that one could transform the table as well as review it inside out as usual.
Quickly people check out personalities created sidewards from delegated right. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. Much more various from the things and pictures they used to stand for. This composing system was then embraced by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it a lot more. Elements or small characters have actually also been included to identify which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of ambiguity.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Original images, but likewise pictograms transformed from them they totally disappeared right into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus pen after that favored. Which suggests as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted supply listings right here we have a creating system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we understand all this? Funny feature of clay: When a place burns down and all your documents get on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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