T11his ability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to share, interact suggestions across the void of room as well as time has actually made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the roads as well as gardens. Yet what do you see overlooking all of it? Forehead. These holy places play a big role in why creating started. Because Sumer was the country of the very first genuine cities worldwide.
Not hundreds of individuals or hundreds of people, however with each other 10s of thousands. As well as these cities developed city-states, united by the praise of a specific group of gods. Individuals controlled watering as well as cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing containers filled with grain here? These temples additionally functioned as big stockrooms. Database for the enormous riches of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of products, relocating to as well as from the holy place each day, they required to keep documents somehow. And that’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, so that the priests may know specifically what they contend hand in their large holy place storehouse. But although brands have their location in the original writing, there is something much a lot more interesting for us on this damp item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And here comes a pleased etymological coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place speaking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to consider images as audios and also incorporating noises together permits you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
But this risk is lowered if you start creating from entrusted to right. However enough individuals in the holy place really did not like the advancement. It was easier for scribes, however various other literate people, that had to read it picked up from leading to base, so they didn’t like this laterally writing. So what did the scribes do? They merely turned all the personalities 90 degrees so that one could transform the table as well as review it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have an actual composing system.
Original pictures, yet likewise pictograms changed from them they completely disappeared into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus pen then favored. Which means rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted supply checklists here we have a creating system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Just how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a location refute and also all your records get on clay, rather than being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Yet it will not occur right here for some time. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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