T11his ability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, give directions to share, interact suggestions throughout the abyss of space as well as time has actually made it feasible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the world, common understanding and self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These temples play a big function in why writing began. Since Sumer was the nation of the very first genuine cities in the globe.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these enormous, huge holy place complicateds they did not serve just as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in hard times, they were split back. This system created a significant wide range for the clergyman, however he likewise made sure that cities of this dimension might operate. We don’t care now. Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a male enjoying them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He attracted a little image of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his data refer to grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. More abstract. Scribes were looking for faster and also much easier means to record assets, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item offered the temple, yet rather they concerned an equally concurred set of more symbolic depictions for goods flowing into divine places. And you can see just how a person could happen, that these icons need not just represent the principle of something, yet additionally the word itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. As well as right here comes a delighted linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the holy place talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to assume of photos as noises as well as incorporating noises with each other allows you to develop various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the markers on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See exactly how he writes inside out, just as you would compose a list. That will transform soon, due to the fact that the issue with clay is that it takes permanently to dry. As well as if you inadvertently rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can conveniently erase the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. But due to the fact that they were inverted, they were more abstract now. A lot more various from the photos and points they used to represent. This writing system was after that adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it a lot more. Variables or little personalities have actually also been added to figure out which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of ambiguity.
And also currently you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
However it won’t occur right here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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