T11his capability to hand down concepts to us throughout generations, provide instructions to share, interact suggestions throughout the abyss of room and time has made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and gardens. Yet what do you see overlooking it all? Temples. These temples play a huge function in why creating started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the initial real cities on the planet.
Not numerous individuals or hundreds of people, but with each other 10s of thousands. And these cities created city-states, joined by the praise of a particular team of gods. Individuals regulated irrigation and also cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
But these enormous, huge holy place complexes they did not serve just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And also in hard times, they were divided back. This system produced a massive riches for the priest, yet he additionally guaranteed that cities of this dimension could operate. However we don’t care currently. Look next to the guys who carry the grain. Do you see a male viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you can hear them, it would certainly seem like everybody was stating the very same point over and over once again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are essential because when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to consider an icon as a word, but as an audio for that word. Quit thinking about an icon indicating a word as well as start to believe concerning the basic definition of its noise, which can show more specific things. When you do this, you will not draw pictures for every word in the language.
Now you begin to think about images as audios as well as integrating noises with each other permits you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. But due to the fact that they were upside-down, they were much more abstract currently. Much more different from the things and pictures they used to represent. This writing system was then embraced by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it much more. Factors or small characters have also been included to identify which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of uncertainty.
And also currently you have an actual composing system.
Original images, but additionally pictograms transformed from them they completely vanished into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus pen after that chosen. Which means rather of a handful of nouns to be written to stock listings right here we have a composing system that can offer us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing thing concerning clay: When an area burns down as well as all your documents get on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
#EASIEST #ways #writing #Happy #birthday #Beginners #letteringcalligraphy #tutorial
In today’s video you will learn how you can explore different ways of writing ‘happy birthday’ in calligraphy. This is real time video so you can watch how to write thank you in 9 different and easiest ways. It’s a beginner friendly tutorial and it will be helpful for you write and make gift tags, greeting cards and happy birthday cards etc. It will also help you create your own calligraphy diy birthday card.
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