T11his ability to pass on ideas to us across generations, provide directions to express, communicate concepts throughout the void of space and also time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the cosmos, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and also yards. But what do you see overlooking everything? Temples. These holy places play a large function in why writing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the country of the first genuine cities in the world.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing jugs loaded with grain here? These holy places additionally worked as substantial storage facilities. Repository for the tremendous wealth of the city. In good times, presents flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a small picture of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this nice little illustration of grain has actually been streamlined. Much more abstract. Scribes were searching for faster as well as less complicated ways to record products, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item offered the temple, yet rather they involved an equally agreed collection of even more symbolic depictions for goods streaming right into sanctuaries. As well as you can see just how somebody can take place, that these symbols require not only stand for the concept of something, yet likewise the word itself.
And also that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to think about pictures as noises and also incorporating sounds with each other enables you to develop different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But adequate people in the temple really did not like the advancement. It was much easier for scribes, but other literate individuals, who needed to review it discovered from leading to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways composing. So what did the scribes do? They simply turned all the characters 90 levels to ensure that one can turn the table and also review it inside out as usual.
Quickly individuals read personalities written sideways from delegated right. However because they were upside-down, they were a lot more abstract now. Much more various from the images as well as points they used to stand for. This composing system was after that taken on by the surrounding Akkad and also Elamites, that generalised it a lot more. Elements or little personalities have likewise been added to determine which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And also now you have a real writing system.
Original images, however also pictograms transformed from them they entirely went away into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus pen then preferred. Which indicates rather than a handful of nouns to be composed to stock lists right here we have a composing system that can offer us abstract and also lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a place refute and also all your documents get on clay, rather than being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.