T11his ability to pass on ideas to us throughout generations, offer directions to express, communicate concepts across the void of space as well as time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, good understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of people or thousands of individuals, however together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities developed city-states, united by the prayer of a particular group of gods. People regulated irrigation and also cities grew. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of supplies, relocating to and also from the temple everyday, they needed to maintain documents in some way. And also that’s exactly what he does. That table will be conserved later, to ensure that the clergymans may recognize specifically what they contend hand in their giant holy place storehouse. Yet although brand names have their location in the initial writing, there is something a lot more interesting for us on this wet piece of clay that he holds.
He attracted a little photo of a grain stalk alongside his records, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and easier methods to tape-record products, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the holy place, however instead they involved an equally concurred collection of more symbolic depictions for products streaming into sanctuaries. And you can see just how somebody could take place, that these signs require not just represent the concept of something, but additionally words itself.
Which’s precisely what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you might hear them, it would certainly seem like every person was stating the very same point over and also over once more. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are essential because when a number of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to believe of an icon as a word, yet as a noise for that word. Stop reasoning of a sign showing a word and also start to consider the general meaning of its noise, which can indicate a lot more certain points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to assume of photos as noises and integrating audios with each other allows you to develop different words.
And when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based on basic words, as an example, a sickle plus grain might imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with ideas and also audios, which stand for hundreds of images. But we’re refrained from doing yet. Because just how the scribes wrote has actually changed the means we create in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind just how our friend in the temple includes grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a genuine writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
However it won’t happen below for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
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