T11his capacity to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, give instructions to share, interact concepts throughout the void of space as well as time has actually made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the universe, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters as well as sellers.
You see the roads and also yards. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a huge duty in why writing started. Because Sumer was the country of the initial real cities in the globe.
Not thousands of people or thousands of people, yet together tens of thousands. And also these cities developed city-states, joined by the praise of a particular group of gods. Individuals controlled irrigation and also cities expanded. And as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with lots of materials, moving to and also from the holy place every day, they needed to keep documents somehow. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be saved later on, to ensure that the priests might recognize specifically what they have at hand in their huge temple storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And also that’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to assume of pictures as sounds as well as incorporating sounds together allows you to develop different words.
And also when you integrate that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on easy words, for instance, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for hundreds of pictures. We’re not done. Due to the fact that exactly how the scribes wrote has actually altered the way we compose in Western countries today. Do you remember just how our good friend in the temple adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine writing system.
Original images, however also pictograms transformed from them they entirely disappeared into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus pen then chosen. Which indicates rather of a handful of nouns to be contacted supply lists below we have a composing system that can offer us abstract as well as lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a location burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being ruined, they remain and harden.
Yet it won’t take place below for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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